These glands secrete a pungent smelling odor when the pet defecates or is frightened or alarmed. Preoperative tests depend in part on the age and general health of the animal as well as the cause of the anal gland removal. If removal is to treat an infection or prevent future impactions, simple blood tests, such as a packed cell volume or blood count, may be done prior to anesthesia. If the anal gland removal is associated with a tumor, extensive tests such as radiographs, blood count, serum biochemical tests, a urinalysis, and possibly an EKG may be necessary. The procedure requires general anesthesia to induce complete unconsciousness and relaxation. In the usual case, the pet will receive a pre-anesthetic sedative-analgesic drug to help him relax, a brief intravenous anesthetic to allow placement of a breathing tube in the windpipe, and subsequently inhalation gas anesthesia in oxygen during the actual surgery.
Anal Gland Removal in Dogs
Step-by-Step Surgery For Anal Sac Cancer - Veterinary Practice News
Y our dog doesn't really need his anal glands. The noxious odor they secrete is used by canines for marking territory -- not a function necessary for today's family pet. In modern dogs, anal glands end up causing problems rather than serving any useful purpose. If your dog experiences issues with his anal glands, surgical removal is an option, although side effects to the surgery can occur.
Anal Sacculectomy in Dogs
When a dog defecates, the muscles contract and allow the anal sacs to release a foul-smelling, dark-colored substance and empty out the anal sacs. However, dogs that suffer from anal gland impaction, infection, or abscess cannot secrete this substance and often require veterinary aid. If these problems cannot be managed medically, the veterinary surgeon will need to remove the anal sacs.