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Understanding ACL Reconstruction Surgery in WA: A Comprehensive Guide

An ACL tear can be a painful and devastating injury, limiting your ability to move, play sports, or even walk. When conservative measures such as rest, physiotherapy or medication don’t work, your doctor may recommend ACL reconstruction surgery. This surgical procedure helps replace a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee with a graft, allowing the knee to regain stability and function. In this article, we’ll explore what ACL reconstruction surgery entails, its potential risks and benefits, and what you can expect during the recovery process.

Understanding ACL Reconstruction Surgery

ACL reconstruction surgery is generally performed as a minimally invasive arthroscopic procedure, which means that tiny incisions are made in the knee, and a camera is inserted to allow the surgeon to see inside the joint. The surgeon will then remove the torn ACL and replace it with a graft made from either your own tissue (autograft) or donor tissue (allograft). The most commonly used grafts are the patellar tendon, hamstring, and quadriceps tendon. The choice of graft will depend on various factors, such as your age, activity level, and overall health.

The procedure usually takes about an hour or two, and you will be under general anesthesia. After the surgery, you’ll be taken to a recovery room, where you will be monitored for a few hours before being discharged. You will need someone to take you home, as you won’t be able to drive.

Risks and Benefits

Like any surgical procedure, ACL reconstruction surgery has its potential risks and benefits. Some of the benefits include:

– Improved knee stability: ACL reconstruction surgery helps restore stability to the knee, allowing you to move and perform activities without fear of the knee giving way.
– Reduced pain and swelling: ACL tears can cause significant pain and swelling in the knee. ACL reconstruction surgery can help reduce these symptoms, allowing you to resume your daily activities with less discomfort.
– Improved range of motion: ACL tears can limit the range of motion in the knee. ACL reconstruction surgery can help improve your knee’s mobility, allowing you to move more freely.

On the other hand, some potential risks associated with ACL reconstruction surgery include:

– Infection: Any surgical procedure carries a risk of infection. Your surgeon will provide you with antibiotics before and after surgery to help reduce this risk.
– Bleeding: While rare, excessive bleeding can occur during or after surgery. Your surgeon will monitor you closely for any signs of excessive bleeding.
– Graft failure: In some cases, the graft may fail to heal properly or may be rejected by your body. This can require additional surgery or other treatments.

The Recovery Process

The recovery process after ACL reconstruction surgery can be lengthy and involves several stages. The first few days after surgery will involve rest, ice, compression, and elevation to help reduce swelling and pain. You may also be given pain medication to manage any discomfort.

In the following weeks and months, you’ll need to work closely with a physiotherapist to regain your knee’s strength, range of motion, and flexibility. You’ll start with gentle exercises and gradually progress to more challenging activities as your knee heals. It’s essential to follow your physiotherapist’s instructions carefully and avoid pushing yourself too hard or too soon, as this can delay your recovery or even cause further damage.

You can usually return to work or school after about a week, depending on your job’s physical demands. However, you should avoid sports or other strenuous activities for at least six to nine months, or until your doctor clears you for such activities. Your doctor will schedule follow-up appointments to monitor your progress and ensure that your knee is healing correctly.


ACL reconstruction surgery can be an effective treatment option for individuals with a torn ACL, allowing them to regain their knee’s stability and function. While the procedure does carry certain risks, its potential benefits make it worth considering for those who have exhausted non-surgical options. If you’re considering ACL reconstruction surgery in WA, speak with your doctor to determine if this procedure is the right choice for you. They can provide you with more information about the surgery, the recovery process, and what you can expect in the long term.

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